What is the Weather in India Like?
India is a vast country and it has a large variation in the climatic conditions. Weather in India entirely depends on where you are. The region belongs to tropical rainy climate group experience persistent high temperature which does not go below 18 degrees like Western Coastal Plains and the Western Ghats which includes South Gujrat, Konkan region of Maharashtra and Goa, Kerala, Kanyakumari, West Bengal, Andaman & Nicobar Islands, Tamil Nadu and all the 8 states of North-East India experiences high temperature throughout the year, even in mountains.
The regions of the Dry Climate group are mostly the dry region where rainfall experiences not very much and winter temperature is also near about 20 degrees to 24 degrees in few places. The maximum temperatures reach there during summer are around 40 degrees to as high as 50 degrees. This group consists of the Kutch region of Gujarat, the Thar region of Rajasthan, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, and central Maharashtra. Delhi, Haryana, Punjab, and western Uttar Pradesh have sub-tropical semi-arid climate. The maximum temperature goes here up to 45 degrees and this region does not experience humidity except during the monsoon.
The regions of the Sub-tropical humid climate group experiences the temperature fall between 18 degrees to 0 degrees during the coldest months. Punjab-Haryana plain adjacent to the Himalayan region experiences the dry-winters. Whereas the trans-Himalayan belt is the arid, cold and generally windswept. The Great Himalayan regions witnesses the heavy snowfall and severe cold during winters. Jammu Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Arunachal Pradesh, northern districts of West Bengal and Sikkim experiences this kind of temperature.
In northwestern India, summer starts from early April and continues till July. For the southern and western parts of the country, the hottest month is the April while for north India it is May. During summer, the temperature in Delhi, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Punjab, Haryana, Gujarat, Andhra Pradesh, and Tamil Nadu goes as high as 45 to 50 degrees. While in the eastern Himalayas and mountainous regions, the temperature is near about 20 degrees. The coastal regions are relatively less hot but they are more humid.
The rainy season in most parts of the country generally starts from early July and continues till the mid of October. In the Malabar Coast of Kerala, and in Mumbai monsoon strikes a bit early then the rest of the country. The monsoon arrives here in early June. The whole country is drenched by the end of July and receives heavy rainfall during the second half of July and August. During the monsoon, the temperature has fallen but most of the country experiences the humidity.
The winter season starts in the mid of October till March. December and January are the coldest months of the year. Most of the country experiences moderately cold weather. The winter is mild in most of the country, and freezing temperatures are almost unheard of, except for parts of Punjab, Rajasthan and the Himalayan regions (Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Northern Uttarakhand, and Northern Arunachal Pradesh).
This is the climatic phenomenon of India.