Madhumalai Tiger reserve was the first national park of southern India which was founded in 1940. It has recently been declared as a tiger sanctuary. The wildlife sanctuary is located on the northwestern side of the Moir River and the Nilgiri Hills. This tiger reserve is famous as it is home for large herds of elephants.
Madhumalai tiger reserve draws a great deal of attention to the tourists from the country and abroad. The tiger reserve shares its borders with Karnataka and the State of Kerala. Situated on the Nilgiri Hills, the attractive wilderness area is surrounded by a variety of natural estates. Nature lovers can have a wonderful time here.
The Mudumalai Sanctuary is an important wildlife habitat, which has become an essential part of the Nilgiri biosphere reserve between other protected areas due to its strategic location. The Madhumalai tiger reserve has Elephant Grass which grows tall, giant type of Bamboo, expensive timber types such as Teak, Rosewood, etc. The park has several species of widespread flora. Also, the tiger reserve is populated by a wide variety of wild animals such as the Tiger, Elephant, Indian Gaur, Panther, Sambar, Spotted Deer, Barking Deer, Mouse Deer, Common Langur, Malabar Giant Squirrel, Wild Dog, Mangoose, Jungle Cat, Hyena, among others.
The Madhumalai tiger reserve consists of several varieties of over 260 bird species. Around 8 percentage of the bird species in India are found only in Mudumalai. Rare bird species such as Malabar grey hornbill, Malabar pied hornbill, Malabar laughing thrush, Frogmouths and a variety of woodpeckers are seen here. The Hornbills, Malabar whistling thrush, peacock and jungle fowl are the other important species of birds seen in Mudumalai tiger reserve.
The Madhumalai tiger reserve is under the Nilgiris district of Kerala. The Madhumalai is about 65 million years old and the meaning of the name Mudhumalai “the ancient hill range”. It was during this time the Western Ghats were formed. The Mudumalai tiger reserve experiences a moderate climate. The weather will cold in December or at the start of January and in March and April the climate is hot.
The beautiful Madhumalai tiger reserve, where you can easily access all the three routes. The nearest airport is Coimbatore Airport. You can reach the Ooty Railway Station for the rail route. If you like, you can travel even on the road. From any major city in Tamil Nadu, you will find bus service to Nilgiris. There is the danger at night and it is not advisable to travel on these roads at night involved in traveling on these roads at night and that’s why keeping in mind the safety of public and wildlife the administration of Nilgiri district has banned the vehicles from passing these routes from 10.00 pm to 6.00 A.M.
The Government of Karnataka has also banned vehicular movement in the night on the Gundalpet to Ooty road the passes via Bandipur Tiger Reserve from 9.00 pm to 6.00 am and the road is NH 212.
Mudumalai Tiger Reserve Timings: 7:00 A.M. to 9:00 A.M. and 3:00 P.M. to 6:00 P.M.
Mudumalai Tiger Reserve Entry Fees: INR 15 per person and INR 135 per person for jeep safari