Astonishing Facts About Kaziranga National Park That Will Amaze You

Astonishing Facts About Kaziranga National Park That Will Amaze You

Kaziranga National Park in Assam is regarded as one of the remaining strongholds of the Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros. Situated along the banks of the enormous Brahmaputra River, Sandbanks, riverine lakes, semi-evergreen woods, moist, broad-leaf forests, and grasslands comprise most of the park’s topography.

The park covers a sizable area, making it one of the sub-Himalayan belt’s most significant protected woods. Due to its location in one of the middle Brahmaputra Valley’s most rain-prone regions, Kaziranga National Park has a humid monsoon season from July to September, and most areas near the beaches are drowned.

The fine months to visit Kaziranga National Park are September through December when the monsoon season has just ended and the weather is most comfortable. The best views of the park’s flora and fauna can be had at Kaziranga National Park during the winter. There are some interesting facts about Kaziranga that you didn’t know, and make your visit more exciting.

Here are Some Facts about Kaziranga National Park

Folk Dance, Cultural Show, and Tea Garden Tour

Cultural performances are organized to keep the visitors entertained. Programs featuring traditional folk dance and singing are very educational and enjoyable. The program’s host speaks both Hindi and English to ensure you thoroughly understand the program. It starts at 6:00 pm and goes on till 8:30 pm.

If you do not visit a tea garden in Assam, you will miss out on the fascination. It is 116 miles from Kaziranga, and you will enjoy the enthralling tea plantations. Here, it can be thought of as a gimmick to acknowledge the efforts of the residents.

Home to One-Horned Rhinos

The Kaziranga National Park is one of India’s most popular wildlife attractions and the only natural environment globally with as many one-horned rhinoceroses. The Kaziranga Forest, which boasts 2,000 one-horned rhinos, is the best place to see various large wild animals.

These include tigers, leopards, Indian wild elephants, buffalo, wild boars, and many other small wild animals, including Hoolock gibbons, spotted deer, swamp deer, goats, Sambhar, and many other species. 2,413 one-horned rhinos, an increase of 12 from 2015, were counted in Kaziranga National Park in India.

Two-thirds of the species’ global population resides at the UNESCO World Heritage Site in Assam State. The State Forest Department conducts the census program every three years. According to a population census by the park’s administration in 2015, more than 91% of Assam’s rhinos and 80% of India’s rhino population were found in Kaziranga.

Density of Tigers

A 2017 estimate states the number of tigers in the reserve is 104. The national park was given the designation of a tiger reserve in 2006. With 21 tigers per 100 square kilometers, the park has one of the highest tiger densities in India, surpassing Corbett National Park and Bandipur National Park.

Due to the abundance and diversity of its flora and wildlife, the area has been referred to as a biodiversity hotspot. A famous feature of Kaziranga is that it is home to two-thirds of the one-horned rhino population on Earth. There are 121 tigers in the national park as well. For the 2024–2025 season, Kaziranga National Park and Tiger Reserve (KNPTR) in Assam was reopened to visitors on Sunday.

Habitat to Eastern Swamp Deer

The Swamp Deer has a sizable population in Kaziranga National Park. These are fascinating species found all over the Indian Subcontinent. Due to their vast horns, they are known locally as “Barasinghas.” Around 1148 Swamp Deer reside in Kaziranga National Park, home to one of the world’s 5,000 remaining populations of this endangered deer species.

Most can only be found in India’s protected National parks, wildlife sanctuaries, and state zoos. The swamp deer of Kaziranga National Park is a vast deer species, standing 130 cm tall and weighing up to 180 kg. The swamp deer has a thick coat of brown color. Additionally, this coat aids in preserving warmth and dryness in damp circumstances.

Swamp deer females are lighter in color than males and have longer necks. The enormous antlers of a male swamp deer can reach a height of 75 cm. The swamp deers of Kaziranga National Park are herbivores that eat grass, plants, and tree leaves. Throughout the day, they make many excursions to surrounding water bodies and water holes to drink.

Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site

In 1985, Kaziranga National Park was designated as a UNESCO Natural World Heritage Site. It is the most crucial and natural habitat for preserving biodiversity, including vulnerable species of immeasurable value. It’s worth visiting at least once because it’s considered nature’s gift to humanity.

Anyone who believes the Indian one-horned rhinoceros only existed during the Jurassic Period must visit Kaziranga. More than 2200 Indian one-horned rhinoceroses, or roughly 2/3 of the species’ global population, call Kaziranga National Park home. The park was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1985.

Black Vulture is found in Kaziranga National Park.

Aegypius monachus, a big raptor of the Accipitridae family, is found throughout temperate Eurasia. The black vulture, monk vulture, and Eurasian black vulture are other names for this bird. It is one of the giant Old World vultures, measuring 1.2 m (3 ft 11 in) in length, 3.1 m (10 ft) across the wings, and a maximum weight of 14 kg (31 lb).

The cinereous vulture’s population has decreased over the majority of its range in the past 200 years, in part because it ate poisoned bait left out to kill dogs and other predators and because improved hygiene standards reduced the amount of carrion that was available; it is currently classified as Near Threatened.

Residents may shoot All vultures on sight, even if they are not the focus of poisoning operations. Development and habitat damage may pose an even more significant threat to this species that thrives in arid environments.

Nests are located low on the main fork of a tree. Only four of the seven vulture species originally living in Kaziranga National Park have persisted. These three vultures are Indian, Slender-billed, and Indian White-rumped.

Highlights of Kaziranga National Park

Boat Safari at Kaziranga National Park

The most distinctive way to witness forest life is on a Kaziranga boat safari. The sight of the Gangetic Dolphins in particular. The more into the forest and wildlife you venture into, the more likely you are to see one-horned rhinos since they frequently stop to take a sip of water to relieve their thirst.

Your presence will allow you to see several birds and the stunning riverbank view. You won’t regret choosing a boat safari because it includes all the fun options and is available in Kaziranga National Park’s Agoratoli Range. Two guests can ride in the boat safari at once. It is advised to reserve the entire boat safari for your loved ones’ utmost seclusion.

Thrilling Elephant Safari Experience at Kaziranga National Park

The Elephant Safari tour is a fantastic itinerary for those who want to see forests with diverse topographies and get a closer look at exotic animals. One can observe one-horned rhino herds up close because most of the park is easily accessible. It lets you get up close and personal with creatures in their natural habitat, turning your journey to Kaziranga into a rewarding one thanks to its diverse wildlife. The finest and safest method to visit the most secluded and unexplored region of the Kaziranga jungles is on an elephant safari.

Elephant rides are essential if you’re interested in exploring the denser parts of the forests and looking for spooky creatures. In addition, it is beneficial for the guest to walk across such challenging terrain that the jeep cannot access. Booking in advance is advised, though. The availability of elephant seats is “first come, first served.”

Best Safari Experience in Kaziranga National Park

A Jeep / Elephant safari is believed to be the only practical option to explore the uncharted paths and new natural horizons of forests or deserts. The name “Jungle Excursion” refers to one such safari.

Different wildlife enthusiasts define it differently; they refer to it as a forest trail, nature walk, or trekking. As this choice takes you to the heart of national parks, sanctuaries, and protected regions, a jungle safari helps you find a new love for animals. A jungle safari is an ideal way to say hello to Mother Nature.

It is home to an unrivaled variety of flora and animals. India is one of the best destinations to enjoy wildlife. National parks and sanctuaries were introduced many years ago to protect these woods and wildlife. The Indian Government has been actively involved in preserving nature. The average person is now more obliged to comprehend wildlife’s true meaning and support prudent conservation.

Also Check out Popular Kaziranga Wildlife Tour Packages

Popular Fauna and Flora of Kaziranga National Park

The three types of vegetation found in Kaziranga National Park include tropical semi-evergreen forests, wet tropical evergreen forests, and alluvial grasslands. The Brahmaputra River’s receding floodwaters have left little swamplands and dense, tall elephant grasses, making the national park so well-known.

The abundance of water lilies, hyacinths, and lotus in Kaziranga Park, in addition to the grasses and woodlands, creates a stunning scene in the area. The Kaziranga Wildlife Sanctuary is also made more beautiful by rattan cane, a species of climbing palm.

The greatest concentration of wild water buffalo and more enormous one-horned rhinos may be seen in Kaziranga. Aside from them, the national park is home to Asian Elephants, Swamp Deer, Royal Bengal Tigers, One-Horned Rhinos, Wild Water Buffaloes, and Swamp Deer, which comprise the Big Five. Additionally, 15 of the 30+ mammalian species that live in Kaziranga are considered to be threatened. The avifauna population in the national park is very abundant.

Gist About History

In 1904, following the efforts of the wife of Lord Curzon, the British Raj’s Viceroy of India at the time, this protected area was created. Today, the park covers an area of 430 square kilometers and is well-known in India as a significant “Tiger Reserve.” The Lady convinced the Viceroy to support the protection of the forests and the wildlife after she visited but could not spot a single rhinoceros. Additionally, UNESCO designated the park as a World Heritage Site.

Located in Assam’s Golaghat and Nagaon districts, the eastern Himalayan border is where Kaziranga National Park is located. It has had a significant impact on India’s wildlife conservation. In addition, this park invites you to explore many hidden secrets within it. If you want to learn more about the national park or visit one-horned rhinos and tigers in their natural habitat, plan your trip to Kaziranga National Park with an Indian Visit.

Related Post:
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Flora and Fauna of Kaziranga National Park
Safari in Kaziranga National Park

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