Explore Ecological Gems: Flora and Fauna of Pench National Park

The Pench National Park is an ideal wildlife destination that attracts nature enthusiasts. It is home to more than 300 species of flora and fauna, making it India’s premier wildlife attraction. The magnificent migrating flocks and local birds attract this place’s remoteness and natural splendor.

The Royal Bengal Tiger is the most exciting wild animal in Pench National Park. There are many opportunities for tiger enthusiasts to see them here. Adventurers have a fantastic summer opportunity to see the Royal Bengal Tigers at the Pench Tiger Reserve.

Visitors’ senses are most calmed by the mix of realistic trees and the sounds of streams. With so many luxurious lodging options, including resorts, lodges, and cottages, a trip to Pench National Park is the most relaxing tourist experience ever. This article provides a comprehensive wildlife travel guide to Pench National Park and Reserve. This guide aims to inform and mentally prepare aspiring explorers and naturalists for this spectacular trip to this area.

Fauna of Pench National Park

The Central Indian Highlands, which James Forsyth has written extensively, include the forests. The tracts formerly covered over 5,000 square kilometers and are now dispersed. However, these priceless gems that we have inherited have been preserved thanks to wildlife protection efforts.

The tiger is the main species in this region, but it’s also interesting to observe other wild creatures, reptiles, and insects when on a tiger safari in the park. There has yet to be any investigation of the birdlife at Pench, and no checklist has been created. At Totladoh Dam, erected on the River Pench, the habitat’s lifeblood, various wetland species can be spotted during winter. Below is the list of animals in Pench National Park


Wild Boar 

The wild boar is also known as the wild swine, ordinary wild pig, or Eurasian wild pig. The species is now one of the world’s widest-ranging mammals and the most widespread uniform. Due to its extensive range, large population, and ability to adapt to various habitats, it has been rated a moderate concern on the IUCN Red List. It has become an invasive species in some areas of its introduced range.

The Early Pleistocene likely saw the emergence of wild boars in Southeast Asia, and as they migrated throughout the Old World, they outcompeted other suid species. Unlike S. S. David, it is a long-haired subspecies with a brindled black coat, and it is less heavily built than S. S. Scrofa. Compared to S. S. Scrofa, it has a giant, more pointed head and more petite, more pointed ears. Also, unlike S. S. Scrofa, the forehead’s plane is straight.


The largest Asian antelope and a common sight in the northern Indian subcontinent is the nilgai (Boselaphus tragocamelus), which is pronounced as “nila” and means “blue cow” in English. The nilgai weighs between 100 and 213 kg (240 and 470 lb) for females and 109 to 288 kg (240 to 635 lb) for males at the shoulder. The nilgai is a robust, thin-legged antelope with a short neck crest sloping back, a plunging neck, a white patch on the throat that ends in a tuft, and white face markings. Below the white area, a column of coarse pendant hair hangs from the dewlap ridge despite the prevalence of sexual dimorphism in females and young children.

Also Check out Popular Pench Wildlife Tour Packages


Crow Pheasant 

The larger coucal, sometimes known as the crow pheasant or crow, is a prominent, non-parasitic member of the Cuculiformes family of birds, which includes cuckoos. It is widely distributed throughout Southeast Asia and the Indian Subcontinent and is separated into various subspecies, some of which are given complete species status.

They come in multiple environments, including urban gardens, farmland, and the jungle, and are huge, crow-like birds with long tails and coppery brown wings. Since they have poor flight abilities, it’s common to witness them scrambling through plants or stomping around on the ground in search of insects, eggs, and the nestlings of other birds. In addition, they have a well-known, deep, resonant call that, in many areas of its range, is considered to be auspicious.

Coppersmith Barbet 

The crimson-breasted barbet, commonly known as the coppersmith barbet (Psilopogon haemacephalus), is an Asian barbet with a crimson forehead and throat. It is distinguished by its metronomic call, which resembles a coppersmith striking metal with a hammer. It is a permanent inhabitant of Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. To construct its nest, it drills holes into trees. Although mainly a frugivore, it has been seen consuming insects, particularly winged termites.

The coppersmith barbet typically lives alone or in small groups, while bigger groups have occasionally been seen under Ficus trees with profusions of fruit. It enjoys basking in the morning sun on the exposed tops of large trees, frequently fluttering from one spot to another. It flies straight and quickly raises its flaps.


Indian Python 

The Indian python (Python molurus) is an enormous snake species native to Southeast Asia and the tropical and subtropical areas of the Indian subcontinent. Other names for this snake include black-tailed python, Indian rock python, and Asian rock python. This snake is among the largest in the world but smaller than its close relative, the Burmese python. Its average length is 3 meters (9 feet 10 inches), which is more delicately colored than the Burmese python. Like all pythons, it is non-venomous.

Reticulated Python

A type of snake is the reticulated python (Malayopython reticulatus). It is the longest and one of the three heaviest snakes in the world. Due to its extensive distribution, it is listed on the IUCN Red List as a mild concern. Nevertheless, it is hunted throughout a number of the countries that make up its range for its skin, for use as pets, and traditional medicine. It has been spotted far out at sea, has a vast range, is a good swimmer, and has developed colonies on many small islands.

Flora of Pench National Park

The Pench Tiger Reserve is designated as a dry deciduous forest containing fruit trees, trees used for medicine, and other flora. The Satpura region’s border touches the Pench Tiger Reserve. Tourists visit Pench’s forest to see the animals and go on a jungle safari.

More knowledge is needed regarding the availability of various plants and trees. These herbs have uses that surpass the average person’s imagination. Whenever you decide to go on a game drive or jungle safari in Pench, bring a diary and plenty of time to experience it. This will help you to make the trip both an educational tour of the Pench Tiger Reserve and an exciting jungle safari. Below are the famous trees of Pench National Park:

Mahua Tree 

Some of its more famous names are Madhka, Madkam, Mahuwa, Butter Tree, Mahua, Mahwa, Mohulo, Iluppai, and Vippa Chettu. It is a fast-growing tree with evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage that can reach a height of around 20 meters and is a member of the Sapotaceae family.

In hot, humid climates, it is grown for its oily seeds (one tree can produce between 20 and 200 kg of seeds annually, depending on maturity), flowers, and wood. The fat, which is solid at room temperature, is used as vegetable butter in skin care products, soap, and detergents. Additionally, it serves as fuel oil. The seed cakes produced after oil extraction also make for a superior fertilizer.

In India’s tropical region, an alcoholic beverage is made from the blooms. Animals are known to be impacted by this beverage. The tree’s bark and other parts are used for their therapeutic qualities. Due to its use, it is revered by many indigenous tribes. The well-known mahua flower is utilized to make a famous whiskey. In addition, langur, parakeets, and deer parrots enjoy eating mahua flowers.

Palash Tree 

It is a tiny dry-season deciduous tree reaching up to 15 m (49 ft). It grows slowly; young trees gain only a few feet in size each year. The wood is supple and dirty white. It is used for well-curbs and water scoops since it is waterproof. In several Hindu rites, ghee is poured into the fire using spoons and ladles from this tree. You can get good charcoal from it. Cattle typically avoid the leaves because they are so tough. Whereas today’s society utilizes plastic plates, ancient cultures served food on leaves. Bengal Kino is the gum’s name, prized by druggists for its astringent properties and by leather makers for its tannin.

Even this tree is connected to spring in West Bengal, mainly thanks to the poetry and music of Nobel Prize winner Rabindranath Tagore, who compared the flower’s vivid orange glow to fire. This flower has become essential to the springtime festivities in Santiniketan, where Tagore and Vishalnarayan resided. In addition, the plant gave the town of Palashi, known for hosting the legendary Battle of Plassey, its name.

Teak Tree 

The Lamiaceae family’s tropical hardwood tree species is Teak (Tectona grandis). In mixed hardwood woods, it is a sizable deciduous tree. At the tips of the branches of the Teak, panicles of tiny, fragrant white flowers are grouped in thick clusters. These flowers have both varieties of reproductive organs (perfect flowers).

Teak trees have big, papery leaves that are hairy on the underside. Freshly milled teak wood smells like leather and is highly prized for its toughness and water resistance. The wood is used for furniture, veneer, boat building, exterior construction, turnings, and other tiny wood crafts. Teak is particularly excellent where weather resistance is sought because of its high oil content, muscular tensile strength, and tight grain. Boat decks and outdoor furnishings are both made with it. Cutting boards, indoor floors, countertops, and veneer for interior finishings are further used.

Despite being efficiently worked, silica in the wood can severely dull sharp instruments. In addition, Teak can develop a silvery-gray sheen, especially if exposed to sunshine. You will be able to see this tree here.

Neem Tree 

Azadirachta indica is a mahogany Meliaceae tree called neem, nimtree, or Indian lilac. Neem is a fast-growing tree that rarely grows to a height of 35 to 40 meters (49 to 66 feet) (115 to 131 ft). It is a deciduous tree that loses a lot of leaves in the dry winter. Neem leaves are dried in India and placed in cupboards to prevent insects from eating the clothes and in tins where rice is stored. Flowers are also used in many Indian festivals like Ugadi.

Although neem tree products have been used in traditional Indian medicine for centuries, there is not enough clinical data to support the efficacy of neem as a treatment. While no particular doses have been determined for humans, short-term neem usage seems safe. Long-term neem use may affect the kidneys or liver, and neem oil is poisonous to young children and can be fatal. Miscarriages, infertility, and low blood sugar are other side effects of neem. This tree can also be found in Pench National Park.

Mango Tree

The flowering plant species Mangifera indica, or mango, belongs to the Anacardiaceae family. It is a substantial fruit tree that can reach a height of 30 meters (100 feet). Contemporary mangoes have two separate genetic groups.

Over 4000 years ago, Mangifera indica (MI), commonly referred to as mango or aam, was a powerful herb in the Ayurvedic and traditional medical systems. The genus Mangifera, which includes roughly 30 species of tropical fruiting trees, is where mangoes are found in the flowering plant family Anacardiaceae. According to Ayurveda, different components of the mango tree are thought to have various therapeutic benefits.

Rather than for its timber, the tree is more well-known for its fruit. Mango trees, however, can be harvested for their wood once their fruit-bearing years are over. Fungi and insects have the potential to harm the wood. Ukuleles and other musical instruments are made from wood: plywood and budget-friendly furniture.


The Pench National Park is the hub of animal enthusiasts’ wildest desires, with hilly routes, clear rivers, wooded slopes, and babbling streams. More than 300 species of fauna and vegetation can be found in the Pench Forest, India’s premier wildlife attraction. The magnificent migrating flocks and local birds attract this place’s remoteness and natural splendor. The mix of realistic trees and bubbling streams most calms visitors’ senses. With so many luxurious lodging alternatives, including resorts, lodges, and cottages, a trip to Pench National Park is the most relaxing tourist experience ever. So, what are you waiting for? Plan your trip to Pench National Park with Indian Visit.

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