Satpura

Encounter the Diverse Flora And Fauna In Satpura National Park

Are you Visiting Sapura National Park? We have curated a list of the popular flora and fauna in Satpura National Park to make your wildlife exploration more enjoyable and informative.

Satpura National Park in Madhya Pradesh is a wonderful wildlife destination to spend time in the calm jungle, away from city chaos. The environment of this location is unharmed by humans. These include teak, sal, mahua, bel, tendu, bamboo, and many medicinal plants with therapeutic properties, which we will discuss further.

Regarding Satpura National Park’s fauna, you can spot abundant species of animals. The different fauna species of Satpura include tigers, leopards, nilgai, chital, four-horned antelopes, rhesus, monkey chinkaras, flying squirrels, Indian joint squirrels, and more.

In addition, you will find plenty of bird species in Satpura National Park, including Malabar pied hornbills, honey buzzards, thrushes, pheasants, peafowls, and paradise flycatchers, to name a few.

Read below to know the flora and fauna of Satpura National Park in detail.

Fauna of Satpura National Park

The national park and its surrounding buffer zone area have diverse wildlife species. These are rarely found or seen in other Indian national parks. Thus, this makes the ecosystem of Satpura National Park unique. It also has a history of wildlife conservation that is quite evident from the species currently residing here. Wildlife lovers can spot more than 50 mammal species, 254 bird species, 30 reptile species, and over 50 butterfly species. Some popular animals in Satpura National Park are tigers, leopards, four-horned antelopes, nilgai, chital, rhesus, and monkey chinkaras. In addition, honey buzzards, paradise flycatchers, and Malabar whistling thrush are popular birds in Satpura National Park.

Here is the top fauna in Satpura National Park. Take a look. 

Mammals

Leopard

They are also called Indian Leopards. This animal is one of the elusive and most found Big Cats in Indian jungles. They adapt to changing environments quickly, and due to this, they are the most successful in the era of habitat destruction. The darkening of body tissues, called Melanism, is common in leopards. A Melanistic Leopard is known as a Black Panther, which many people count as separate from a leopard, but they are not. As for their physical appearance, leopards are a little smaller than other big cats, with their head being the largest body part. Their tails only measure up to 3 feet. Their skin is pale, cream-yellow, with golden brown on the backside. And their body is covered in rosettes. The IUCN Red List has listed Indian leopards as “Vulnerable.”

Four-horned Antelope

Scientifically, four-horned antelopes are called Tetracerus Quadricornis or, locally, chousingha. They are small antelopes found mainly in India and Nepal. They are differentiated from other antelopes by their four horns. Besides, they stand 55-74 cm and weigh about 17-22 kg. They have thin legs, a short tail, and a yellowish-brown to reddish coat. Four-horned antelopes remain active during the day and are solitary by nature. They form loose groups of 3 to 5 with one or more adults. Grass, shrubs, herbs, flowers, and fruits are their primary food source. Due to their increased thirst, they stay near water sources. In the past, the skulls of these antelope species have been the target for trophy hunters, and similar to leopards, IUCN has listed them as “Vulnerable.”

Also Check out Popular Satpura Wildlife Tour Packages

Birds

Malabar Pied Hornbill

A “Near Threatened” species, according to the IUCN, the Malabar Pied Hornbill is found in the western ghats, the north-eastern Himalayan foothill regions of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka, and, of course, the Satpura Hills. Also named Anthracoceros coronatus, the Malabar Pied Hornbill is about 65-92 cm long. Females weigh about 1000 g and are medium-sized. Their body is black with white underparts and white outer tail feathers. On the other hand, the male Malabar Pied Hornbill has a larger creamy white bill with a black base and a massive ivory yellow and black casque. The female casque and bill are smaller in size than males. The younger ones have a tinier, casqueless, dull-yellow bill. 

Crested Hawk Eagle

A medium-sized raptor of about 60-72 cm, Crested Hawk Eagles, Changeable hawk-eagle, or Nisaetus cirrhatus, is a popular bird species in Satpura National Park. It is a bird of prey of the Accipitridae family and breeds in southern Asia, India, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, the Philippines, and the Himalayas. They can be spotted in open woodland through islands that are preferable with a higher tree density. Crested Hawk Eagles is a slender forest eagle with a few subspecies named the bird “Changeable.” Generally, they are brown above and white below, with flight feathers and tails. They also have black longitudinal streaks on the throat and brown stripes on the breast.

Reptiles

Mugger Crocodile

This crocodile species called Mugger is native to the Indian subcontinent and Iran. It is also called the Marsh crocodile and has a relatively broader snout than other crocodiles. Alligators are known for a wider snout. The Mugger crocodile is a medium-sized crocodile with adults reaching 4.5 meters long. Females are smaller in size than male crocodiles. Their maximum weight is around 450 kg. The younger ones are light colored with black spots, while the adults have dark olive/grayish brown skin. The babies of Mugger crocodiles feed on smaller fishes and insects, while adults eat birds, fish, and monkeys. Large crocodiles feed on deer and buffalo. Besides, IUCN has listed the Mugger crocodiles as “Vulnerable”.

Indian Peacock Soft-shelled Turtle

Only found in India, Bangladesh, and Pakistan, the Indian Peacock Soft-shelled Turtle is a heavily exploited species for its meat and calipee (the outer cartilaginous rim of the shell). They are generally found in rivers, lakes, streams, and ponds with mud or sand bottoms. These turtles are under threat in the Ganga River due to overfishing, pollution, increased river traffic, and sand mining. The Indian peacock softshell turtle has a large head, a downturned nose, and an oval and dark olive green/black carapace. Their head and limbs are olive green, with large yellow/orange patches. The male turtles of this species have longer and thicker tails than females. Larvae and fish are the common food of juveniles, and prawns, carrion, frogs, snails, etc., are the common food of adults.

Flora Of Satpura National Park

The highlight of Satpura National Park is its Central Indian Forest Ecosystem. Thus, it has an abundant variety of biodiversity. There are over 1,300 species of plants in this national park, including Sal, Tendu, Mahua, Bel, Bamboo, Teak, Grasses, etc. But Sal is the most prominent tree in Satpura. In addition, there are medicinal plants with therapeutic properties. Satpura National Park has over 62 species of trees, 58 species of shrubs, 30 species of small trees, 32 species of climber trees, and about 64 species of medicinal and grass and rarely found herbs. Some endemic plants here are Cyathea, Psilotum, Osmunda, and Lycopodium. 

Here is the top fauna in Satpura National Park. Take a look. 

Mahua (Indian Butter Tree)

One of the most significant trees in India for its health use, the Mahua tree’s flowers and seeds act as food and livelihood for countless people in India. There are two types – var. longifolia is found in southern India and parts of Sri Lanka. The other is var. latifolia which is scattered in India. The flowers of this tree are edible and have a high sugar level. They fall to the ground on their own and are collected for livestock. Mahua trees also produce around 100 kgs of flowers per season and are processed in sugar syrup, vinegar, and alcohol. In addition, the flowers are used to treat coughs, colds, and other respiratory issues.

Bael (Stone- Apple)

Bael is a delicious fruit-packed tree with medicinal properties. Stone apple trees are mainly found in India and Bangladesh. They also have been naturalized in most parts of Southeast Asia. It is a deciduous bushy tree, small to medium in size, and its wood is yellow-white. They have multiple benefits, such as managing bacterial-infected cholera and diarrhea, helping with managing diabetes, preventing skin infections, and controlling cholesterol. The ripe fruit of this tree is sweet and fragrant. The leaves and pulses of the raw fruit are used to prepare medicines. 

Sal (Shorea robusta)

Sal is an ancient tree in India and is found in Satpura National Park in abundance. It is known as Shorea robusta or Sal and is called “sakhua” in northern India. It grows up to 30-35 meters, and compared to other trees, it has a thinner trunk. Sal is an outdoor evergreen tree that lives a long time. The tree is used to make wood items and manufacture paper. In addition, the Sal tree has many health benefits, and extracts from the tree are used to make medicines, which is also mentioned in Ayurveda. The tree is suitable for growing in all soil types, like dry, moist, well-drained, and fertile loamy soils. 

Teak (Tectona grandis)

A tropical hardwood tree species in the Lamiaceae family, the teak is a large, deciduous tree primarily found in mixed hardwood forests. It has small, fragrant flowers arranged in dense panicles at the branches’ ends. They contain reproductive organs. The leaves are large, paper-like, and hairy on the lower part. The wood of teak is valued for its water resistance. Thus, it is used for exterior construction, furniture, boat building, carving, and turning. This tree is native to South and Southeast Asia, mainly in India, Indonesia, Bangladesh, Thailand, Myanmar, Malaysia, and Sri Lanka. 

Leopards, sal trees, Mugger crocodiles, and other famous flora and fauna are the star attractions of Satpura National Park. Enjoy a safari tour with this list of the park’s famous attractions. For a hassle-free wildlife tour in India, choose Satpura wildlife packages, equipped with private tours, comfortable stays, meals, and guided tours for the best wildlife sightings. For more information about the tour, connect with our travel experts.

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