Uncover Popular Flora and Fauna In Panna National Park

The Panna, in the Chhatarpur district of Madhya Pradesh, is home to the Panna Tiger Reserve or Panna National Park. It is India’s 22nd Tiger Reserve, the sixth in Madhya Pradesh, and has a 542-square-kilometer area. The Ken River, which runs through the heart of India, is next to the Panna Tiger Reserve. In addition, the world heritage site of Khajuraho, known for its sculptures, is only 57 km away. Panna National Park is an area officially designated for the conservation of animals and biodiversity. Development, forestry, poaching, hunting, and grazing on planted areas are prohibited. The park has clearly defined and limited borders.

Tall deciduous trees add charm to this Panna Tiger Reserve. They create a safe environment for other tiny wild creatures, including the chital, chinkara, sloth bear, nilgai, and others, as well as Indian tigers and leopards. The park has something precious for all animals, history buffs, and nature lovers.

Bird-watching excursions are also ideally suited to the Panna National Park. The park has about 200 distinct bird species and is overrun with migrating birds, including honey buzzards, king vultures, bareheaded geese, blossom-headed parakeets, and babblers. The Panna National Park in Madhya Pradesh is easily accessible to visitors from many regions of the state and country. So, if you seek a wildlife experience in Panna National Park, check out the flora and fauna for an unforgettable tour.

Fauna of Panna National Park

The Gharial, a fish-eating crocodile found only in the Indian subcontinent, is one of the main draws of the Panna Tiger Reserve. The magnificent Royal Bengal Tiger is also famous among the public. There are various types of mammals in the park besides the tiger. Apart from the mammals, there are more than 200 species of birds in the park. These also include various migratory ones. Panna is also home to various reptiles, including the enormous python. Below is the list of fauna found in Panna National Park:



Antelopes, or Nilgai, are strong animals that live throughout India. “Blue Bull” is the name of its male member. This species occasionally receives media attention. The male Nilgai are blue, while the females are gray, beige, or brown.

In contrast to the female, the male would not have a white spot on his throat. This species is also found in Bangladesh, Pakistan, Nepal, and India. Almost 10 million Nilgai live in India, according to a 2001 census.


Chinkara, known as the Indian gazelle, is native to the mainland of India. Much of India’s central, northwestern, and Rajasthan regions are where you can find it. It weighs about 23 kg and measures 65 cm in height overall. Horns on males are short. Female members are smaller than male members and have horns that are softer. Its summer coat has smooth, glossy fur. 

The white throat or belly hair stands out more in the winter. From the corner of the eye to the muzzle, the sides of the face are striped with dark chestnut and white. It has a dorsal crest of black hair on its tail. 


The Chousingha’s undersides and inner surfaces of the legs are pale, and the short, coarse coat ranges from yellow-brown to dark reddish-brown. The front of each leg has a dark stripe running along it, and the nose is typically darker. The rump is taller than the rest of the body, and the legs are thin. Only the male of this species has smooth, conical horns that point upward and are virtually straight. 

Right in front of the ears, the primary pair lengthens from 5 to 12 cm (1.8 to 4.8 inches). On the first half of the forehead, there is typically a second pair of horns that are shorter and only measure 2-4 cm (0.8-1.6 inches) in length. 

Wild Boar 

Sus scrofa is their scientific name, but they also go by the name Wild Swine. They are typically gregarious creatures and are frequently observed in herds. In most locations, they breed from November to January. Their gestational period varies depending on the mother’s age, ranging between 115 and 140 days. 

The mother’s physical condition affects her size, which can vary from 4 to 12 at once. Due to their omnivorous nature, wild boars eat as necessary. They can gather roots, earthworms, insects, fish, rodents, leaves, bark, twigs, shoots, and more.


Indian pond heron 

A little heron, the Indian Pond Heron (Ardeola Grayii), is also known as the Paddybird. It has Old World ancestry and breeds in southern Iran before moving east to Sri Lanka, Burma, and the Indian subcontinent. They are widespread and frequent, yet they are often ignored when they hunt animals at the border of small waterbodies or even when they sleep close to populated areas. 

But, when they take off, their flashing bright white wings stand out in contrast to their cryptic olive and brown body coloring. Due to their excellent concealment, they can be approached up close before taking flight, a behavior that has given rise to slang terms and misconceptions about the birds’ vision and blindness.

Paradise Flycatcher 

The family Monarchidae of birds includes the genus Terpsiphone or paradise flycatchers. The genus is found on several islands and in Africa and Asia. Only a few species migrate, but the vast majority do not. The long tail streamers of the males of many species are the genus’ most distinguishing feature.

Little birds, the paradise flycatchers typically measure between 18 and 21 cm (7.1 to 8.3 in) in length and weigh between 12 and 23 g (0.4 to 0.81 oz). They have a medium-length, broad, hooked bill with stiff rictal bristles surrounding it that are gray or blue-gray. In addition, paradise flycatchers have brilliantly colored mouth interiors that are either yellow or green.


The term “quail” refers to numerous genera of medium-sized birds typically included in the Galliformes order. A flock, covey, or bevy are the collective nouns for a group of quail. 

Old World quails belong to the Phasianidae family, while New World quails belong to the Odontophoridae family. The species of buttonquail, which are members of the family Turnicidae and the order Charadriiformes, are so named because they resemble quails on the surface. Several of the standards are that more giant species are hunted on game farms or in the wild, where they are raised on farms for table meal or egg consumption.


The Pycnonotidae family of medium-sized passerine songbirds, which also contains the greenbul, brown bull, leaflove, and bristle bills, includes the bulbuls. The family covers most of Africa, the Middle East, tropical Asia up to Indonesia, and as far north as Japan. In addition, the tropical islands of the Indian Ocean are home to a few insular species. 

Even though distinct species can be found in various environments, African species are most frequently found in rainforests, whereas Asian bulbuls are more commonly found in open spaces. Bulbuls are slender passerines with short necks. The wings are short and rounded, while the tails are lengthy. The bill is significantly longer and slightly hooked in practically all species at the end. 


Oriental Rat Snake 

Ptyas mucosa is a common non-venomous colubrid snake species in South and Southeast Asia. It is also known as the Oriental Rat Snake, Indian Rat Snake, Darash, or Dhaman. Shamans are colossal serpents. Although some exceed 2 m (6 ft 7 in), the average mature total length is roughly 1.5 to 1.95 m (4 ft 11 to 6 ft 5 in). 

Among live colubrid snakes, this species’ record length was 3.7 m (12 ft 2 in), only surpassed by its relative, Ptyas carinata. Oriental rat snakes are often relatively slender despite their great size, with a specimen of 2 m (6 ft 7 in) typically only measuring 4 to 6 cm (1.6 to 2.4 in) in diameter.

Indian Cobra

The Indian cobra (Naja naja), often called the spectacled cobra, Asian cobra, or binucleate cobra, belongs to the family Elapidae of venomous snakes. The species belongs to the “big four” species that cause the most snakebite cases in India. It is a species with a robust build and a medium size. In addition, the snake has a comparatively broad and extremely spectacular hood, which grows when threatened, making this type of cobra easy to recognize.

It differs from the king cobra, which is a monotypic member of the genus Ophiophagus. In Hindu mythology and culture, the Indian cobra is revered, and snake charmers are frequently spotted with them. According to the Indian Wildlife Protection Act, it is a protected species (1972). 

Russell’s Viper 

The Russell’s viper (Daboia Russelii), one of India’s “big four” snakes and a poisonous member of the Viperidae family, is endemic to the Indian subcontinent. It was named after Patrick Russell, who wrote about it in his 1796 book An Account of Indian Serpents, collected on Coromandel’s Coast and detailed by George Shaw and Frederick Polydore Nodder in 1797.

The head is triangular, flattened, and separate from the neck. The snout is rounded, elevated, and blunt—large, single nasal scales with huge, prominent nostrils in the middle of each one. The nasorostral scale is in contact with the nasal scale’s lower margin. The nasal and nasal rostral scales are anteriorly separated by the supranasal scale, which has a distinct crescent shape. The rostral scale is both high and broad.

Mugger Crocodile 

The marsh crocodile, or the mugger crocodile (Crocodylus Palustris), is a medium-sized broad-snouted crocodile native to freshwater ecosystems, including marshes, lakes, rivers, and artificial ponds, from southern Iran to the Indian subcontinent. It is a strong swimmer and rarely grows longer than 5 m (16 ft 5 in), but during the hot season, it also wanders on land to find suitable water bodies. 

Mugger crocodiles, both young and old, create burrows into which they withdraw when the surrounding temperature falls below 5 °C (41 °F) or rises over 38 °C (100 °F). During the dry season, females create nesting tunnels in the sand and can lay up to 46 eggs. Temperature influences the gender of hatchlings.

Also Read: Top Places to visit on your trip to Panna National Park

Flora of Panna National Park

Vast plateaus and gorges define Panna National Park. The upper Talgaon Plateau, the middle Hinouta Plateau, and the Ken Valley can generally be used to categorize the forest’s geography. On the banks of the valley of the Ken River, the national park is also scattered with undulating hills.

The Panna National Park is situated in the northern region of Madhya Pradesh state amidst the Vidhyan hill ranges. The location’s dry and hot environment influences the forest’s vegetation. As a result, the sanctuary’s predominant vegetation type is an assortment of dry deciduous trees with interspersed grassland sections. Some of the famous flora of Panna National Park are:

Tectona grandis 

A tall deciduous tree with the common name “teak,” Tectona grandis can reach heights of up to 150 feet in its natural habitat but only approximately 80 feet in cultivation. Although it comes originally from India, Myanmar (Burma), Southeast Asia, Malaysia, and Indonesia, it is currently grown in tropical and subtropical regions worldwide, both for decorative purposes and in plantations for commercial timber production. 

As a result, this tree yields valuable tropical wood (at or near the top of the list of world hardwoods). Sadly, the demand for teak wood has outstripped the supply, which has led to the overlogging of many old teak forests in native habitat areas. 

Diospyros melanoxylon 

A medium-sized tree that can reach a height of 25 meters is endemic to dry deciduous woods in southern India and Sri Lanka. It typically grows on rocky, poor soil that has adequate drainage. One of the commercial ebony’s sources is its dark, heavy, and resilient heartwood, frequently used to make chess pieces. 

The eatable, fragrant, and astringent fruits are occasionally offered for sale in Indian markets. In addition, the tree leaves are frequently used in India to wrap bidis, a traditional Indian cigarette, and the tree has several other uses in conventional medicine. Before planting, seeds need to soak for a day in cold water.

Madhuca indica 

Tropical Madhuca Indica, sometimes referred to as “Mahua,” is found in the plains and forests of central and northern India. It proliferates up to 20 m in height, has evergreen or semi-evergreen foliage, and is well suited to dry conditions. It is a member of the Sapotaceae family. 

The fruit, which is non-edible and produced by the tree in 4–7 years, contains one to two kidney-shaped kernels. Dried Mahua seeds contain around 50% oil by weight. Mahua oil has a free fatty acid (FFA) concentration of about 20 weight percent and a relatively high proportion of saturated fatty acids, like stearic (14.0 weight percent) and palmitic (17.8 weight percent) acids.

Anogeissus Latifolia

Anogeissus latifolia is small to a medium-sized tree native to India, Nepal, Myanmar, and Sri Lanka. Its common names are axle wood (English), takhian-nu (Thai), baajhi, dhau, bakli, dhawa, dhawra, or dhaora (Hindi), and raam (Vietnamese).

It is one of the most valuable trees in India. Its leaves contain large amounts of gallotannins and are used for tanning and firewood in India. The tree also yields Indian gum, called ghatti gum, used for calico printing. The Antheraea paphia moth, which creates tassar silk (Tussah), a type of wild silk with significant commercial value, also feeds on the leaves.

Dry teak and dry mixed forests have developed in Panna due to the region’s hot, dry environment, and they thrive on the region’s thin Vindhyan soils. The predominant vegetation type is various dry deciduous woodlands dotted with grassland regions. Broad meadows, open forests, and a riverine with tall grasses also exist. The Panna Tiger Reserve is the best-run, best-kept, naturally suited, and excellent habitat for various wildlife species. Sloth bears, cheetahs, chinkaras, nilgais, and vultures are just a few of the numerous species of plants and animals found here. 

Wrap Up

Undoubtedly, a tour of the Panna National Park will give you a magical experience of witnessing flora and fauna. So, what’s stopping you from booking the wildlife package? Book your Panna National Park tour package with us and customize it to your preferences.

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