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Explore Flora and Fauna In Bera Jawai National Park

If you are a wildlife enthusiast and want to know the types of flora and fauna in Bera Jawai, you are at the right place. One of the best places to visit for wildlife exploration, Bera Jawai is known for its different species of leopards. Jawai is the place where the population of Indian leopards is thriving. They all are the same yet quite different from each other due to their unique features.

The Indian Leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) is a subspecies you will find in the Indian subcontinent. The leopards in Bera Jawai are easily spotted as their population is tremendous and is growing rapidly.

Other famous animals in Bera Jawai are Striped Hyenas, Wild Foxes, Jungle Cats, Nilgai, Sambar, Sloth Bears, Chinkara, and more.

Birdwatcher? Bera Jawai is a paradise for you, as many different migratory birds are found here. In addition, various reptile species like Pythons, Mugger Crocodiles, and Sand Boa Snake are also found here.

Read below to know the flora and fauna of Bera Jawai in detail.

Fauna of Bera Jawai 

Bera Jawai is renowned for its leopard sightings. So leopards are the most prominent among the fauna here. Further, where there are big cats, there are always other animals that the apex predators feed on. Thus, in Bera Jawai, the leopard is the only big cat here though it is smaller compared to its other members of the family but stealthier and is an opportunistic species. This wildlife sanctuary’s fauna and human beings have co-existed for decades. Thus, along with the biodiversity, you also see the harmonious bond between humans and the leopards.

Here is the top fauna in Bera Jawai. Take a look. 

Mammals

Indian Leopard

The most notable species of Bera Jawai are the Indian Leopards. Their scientific name is Panthera pardus fusca. In this wildlife sanctuary, there are approximately 50 to 60 leopards, which is increasing day by day. This is because of the favorable environmental conditions and lack of human-leopard conflicts.

In addition, leopards are an adaptable species, and therefore, they are found in various tracts across the globe. However, the Indian leopards are mainly found in the Himalayas, mangroves, and the arid regions of Rajasthan. They are smaller and take shelter on the high-branched trees as they feel secure there. However, in Bera Jawai, they take refuge in the massive granite rocks, which the herds of scavengers and other fauna cannot reach.

As you interact with the locals, they will tell you how they consider leopards as “the protector” of the region. The best way to see leopards is by opting for a Jawai Leopard Safari and seeing how this species hunts for its food, which is a spectacle in itself. 

Also Check out Popular Bera Jawai Wildlife Sanctuary Packages

Sloth Bear

Native to India, Sri Lanka, and southern Nepal, Sloth Bears have also been seen in Bangladesh and Bhutan. But currently, they are not present there. Instead, they live in dry, moist forests and tall grasslands, where scattered shrubs, boulders, and trees provide shelter. However, it is uncertain where they are still living in the wilds of these countries. Their scientific name is Melursus ursinus, and is a type of ‘myrmecophagous’, which means they feed on termites, ants, and other bear species. Sloth bears also consume fruits and are listed as Vulnerable in the IUCN Red List.

Sloth Bears are smaller in size than other species of brown and Asian black bears. Regarding their size and weight, adult females weigh around 55 to 105 kg, while adult males weigh about 80 to 145 kg. They have long, thick muzzles with wide nostrils, small jaws, and bulbous snouts.

Striped Hyena

A subspecies of hyena, the Striped Hyena is found in the Indian subcontinent, Middle East, Central Asia, East, Caucasus, and North Africa. All of the Striped Hyena species are scavengers. However, they are large-sized and can kill their prey. An interesting fact about them is that they fake their death when attacked. But some have been seen to fight the attacker with fervor.

Regarding physical features, Striped Hyenas have huge heads with dim eyes, thick gags, and big pointed ears. They also have strong jaws, which help them to attack their prey, and are filled with tremendous teeth that can smash bones. Moreover, their ears, throat, and muzzle are dark in color, and they have a coat that may be yellow, brown, or grey with dark stripes on the body and legs. Along with this, a mane also forms along their back. However, their legs are their distinguishing feature. They camouflage in tall, dry grass, making their hunt easier.

Birds

Sarus Crane 

Scientifically known as Grus Antigone, Sarus Crane is the tallest flying bird in the world. It is approx. 152 to 156 cm tall and has a wingspan of 240 cm. The adult birds are grey with a white mid-neck and tertials. They mostly have naked redheads, and the upper neck has black but mostly grey secondary. Their legs are red, bright during breeding, and pale outside breeding. Smaller cranes have feathers on their heads and upper necks with dull plumage and brownish feather fringes.

The female Sarus Crane is small and grows about 35 to 40 kg, while the male Sarus Crane is bigger and grows about 40 to 45 kg. You will mostly find them in pairs or small groups of three or four. They are known to mate for life with a single partner. Their habitat includes small seasonal marshes, floodplains, high-altitude wetlands, paddy fields, etc. Sarus Crane mainly breeds during the monsoon season, but few pairs breed outside it due to chick loss and the building of nesting habitats due to flooding. Sarus Cranes are omnivores and consume aquatic plants like tubers of sedges, grains, small vertebrates, invertebrates, and insects.

Asian Openbill Stork

A small stork species, Asian Openbill Stork is a large wading bird. It is grayish to white with black wings and a tail with a hint of gloss. They reside in tropical southern Asia from India and Sri Lanka east to Southeast Asia in the shallow marshes, flooded agricultural fields, and lakes. They could be confused with herons when seen from a distance. They get their name from the peculiar gap in the dull grayish-yellow bill. Note they have pinkish legs. Their wings are broad, and they fly between thermals of hot air for sustained flight. Similar to all storks, Asian Openbill Stork flies with its neck outstretched.

They are relatively small for a stork and are only 68 cm long. They breed near inland wetlands, make stick nests in trees, and lay about 2 to 6 eggs. The adults who do not breed have the white plumage replaced by off-white. And the young ones have a brown tinge to the plumage. Also, they walk slowly with steady moves and feed on frogs, giant insects, and molluscs.

Indian Pond Heron

Distributed in the Indian subcontinent, Persian Gulf, Myanmar, Maldives, Laccadives, and Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Indian Pond Heron is a small bird, measuring about 40 to 45 cm in length. They weigh about 230 to 275 g and have a 75 to 90 cm wingspan. Both males and females look similar with short necks. Their legs and feet are greenish, and their bill is greenish with black tips. Eyes are yellow, and the breeding plumage is dark brown with white patches. Non-breeding birds have white plumage with olive and brown stripes.

Indian Pond Herons are primarily found in marshes, streams, tidal flats, paddy fields, ponds, canals, and ditches. Their food includes insects, small reptiles, fish, frogs, and crustaceans. They breed before the onset of the monsoon and nest on big trees. The herons collect nesting material, and females build the nest. They lay approx. 3 to 5 eggs and both the birds feed their young. Indian Pond Herons are not threatened. They are abundant throughout India and have also adapted to human-modified habits.

Reptiles

Mugger Crocodiles

Also called mugger, the marsh crocodile, or broad-snouted crocodile, Mugger Crocodiles are native to freshwater habitats in the Indian subcontinent and other Asian places. They are medium-sized reptiles found in rivers, lakes, artificial ponds, and marshes. They prey on mammals, birds, reptiles, and fish. Mugger Crocodiles are known for digging a burrow for shelter when the temperature crosses 38 °C or drops below 5 °C. Though they are medium, they have the widest snout among all the crocodiles. They also have large scutes, webbed toes, and serrated fringes on the outer edge.

Sand Boa Snake

 A non-venomous species of snake, the Sand Boa Snake, is among the fauna in Bera Jawai. They are found in parts of the Indian subcontinent and are endemic to Iran, Pakistan, and India. These snakes have thick bodies with small-keeled scales. They are usually reddish brown on the body and sometimes black. Also, their tail is blunt and rounded with black bands at the base. The double-headed appearance makes Sand Boa Snake unique and differentiates it from other snakes. Sand Boa Snakes are widespread and inhabit dry, sandy areas and rocky terrain with loose soil and hide in burrows. You can see them on your Jawai Jungle Safari. 

Python 

Python species are found in Southeast Asia and the Indian subcontinent. They are also known as black-tailed pythons, Asian rock, and Indian rock pythons. Their length is typically 9.8 feet (3 m), and they have a lighter color than their Burmese counterparts. The large pythons are generally found in Keoladeo National Park, Bera Jawai, and others. Pythons live in many habitats like open forests, rocky foothills, marshes, swamps, river valleys, woodlands, and grasslands. As for their color pattern, they are yellowish or whitish with blotched designs with dark or tan shades.

Flora of Bera Jawai 

Compared to the fauna of Bera Jawai, the flora is relatively less. However, there are a few trees, shrubs, and plants in Bera Jawai, like Cacti, Kikar, and Palash trees. Here we will discuss in brief the famous flora in Bera Jawai that mammals, birds, and reptiles use as their home.

Here is the top fauna in Bera Jawai. Take a look. 

Cacti

The Cactus is a plant that grows in deserts. They have thick stems and sharp points called spines. This plant thrives in places like Bera Jawai due to the dry climates, as they store water in their stems. Some large cactus varieties can keep a large volume of water. A fully grown cactus can hold up to 2 gallons (approx. 700 liters) of water after heavy rainfall. Edible cacti are also a food staple in Latin American countries as they have health benefits. Some cacti are rich in vitamins, fiber, and calcium. Also, eating it can supposedly lower cholesterol and blood sugar. 

Kikar 

A thorny tree, Kikar is a small tree that grows to 7 to 12 m and has a yellow round head flower without any nectar. Their bark is red-brown to black. The leaves of Kikar are light green, and the fern is about 120 mm long and 50 mm wide. The flowers on this tree are 10 to 15 mm in diameter, grow between 4 and 6, and have a sweet scent. They are found in Haryana, Ranthambore National Park, and Bera Jawai. Their bark and deeds are the sources of tannin. They are also used for Diarrhea. The bark and leaves of the Kikar tree are used in reducing bleeding, and their pods help in removing catarrhal matter, and phlegm from the bronchial tubes.

Palash Trees

Palash Tree is a medicinal plant found in India, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Western Indonesia, Bangladesh, and Thailand. It has many applications. Palash Tree is called The Flame of the Forest as it is bright red/orange. It belongs to the Fabaceae family and grows in flooded areas, saline and alkaline soil, barren lands, and black cotton soil. Palash Trees can grow up to 10 to 15 m in height with uneven branches and a crooked trunk. Also, due to its pharmacological properties, Palash Tree is important.

So, are you excited to see the wildlife and plant species in Bera Jawai? If yes, don’t wait further, and book Bera Jawai tour packages with us today! The packages are affordable and include all you need for a hassle-free wildlife tour in India. Luxury tents, jungle safari, leopard sightings, and a thousand memories await you at the other end.

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