According to Ayurveda, three bodily humors or Doshas make up an individual. The health of an individual depends on the balance between the Doshas or bodily humors called Kapha, Pitta and Vata- Tridosha.
According to Ayurveda, three bodily humors or Doshas make up an individual. The health of an individual depends on the balance between the Doshas or bodily humors called Kapha, Pitta and Vata- Tridosha. While Vata Dosha mobilizes the function of the nervous system, Pitta Dosha plays a key role in digestion by using bile and thus bile to direct digestion and improves blood circulation and Kapha Dosha is related to lubrication, mucous, and carrying of nutrients into the arterial system. Ayurveda works on the fundamental concept of Tridosha. To have a deeper understanding of Ayurveda and its benefits, it is important to understand the Tridoshas.
Tridosha forms the foundation of Ayurveda. This is why, it is important to understand this theory so as to avail all the benefits of Ayurveda. As per Ayurveda, all the processes and biological organisms that occur in a body are because of three energetic principles. These three principles together make up the Tridosha. The three Doshas are believed to be formed by a combination of five universal elements – earth, fire, water, wind and space. Every human being is born with a different balance of Tridosha. The Tridosha regulates all the systems of the body. Tridosha theory plays a vital role in maintaining the health of the body.
The Tridosha includes:
Vata- the catabolic Dosha
This Dosha is formed by a combination of wind and space. The basic characteristic of the Dosha is movement, be it physical or spiritual. The Dosha controls the flow of neural impulses. Also, the Vata performs a major function of controlling the other two Doshas. The first focus of the Dosha is to constantly maintain a balance between all the three Doshas. Further, the Vata Dosha has five sub-Doshas which include:
- Prana Vata is found in the head and it controls the senses.
- Vyana Vata controls all the controlled bodily action and is found in the heart.
- Udana Vata is found in the chest area and it controls the voice and intellectual abilities.
- Samana Vata is present in the stomach and it controls the digestive processes.
- Apana Vata controls all the discharges through the urinary tract and is found in the anal region.
Pitta- the Metabolic Dosha
Formed by a combination of fire and water, Pitta Dosha governs all the processes related to metabolism and changes (mental and physical) that occur in the body. The major functions performed by the Dosha include digesting food and further using it to make energy for the body. The Dosha is further divided into five sub-categories:
- Ranjak Pitta produces Rakta or blood and is found in the stomach.
- Bhrajak Pitta controls skin pigmentation and is found in the skin.
- Aalochak Pitta is found in the eyes and controls the sight.
- Sadhak Pitta is present in the heart and it governs the psychological capabilities of the body.
- Pachak Pitta controls the digestive functioning of the body and is found in the duodenum part of the small intestines.
Kapha- anabolic Dosha
Earth and water together make Kapha, the anabolic Dosha. The most important function of the Kapha Dosha is to provide energy to the mind and body. The Dosha also controls the amount of water in the body and fills up those parts that have less water, till the cellular level. The Dosha also plays an important function at the psychological level where it is linked with emotions like envy and love. Kapha is further sub-classified into:
- Kledak Kapha is found in the stomach and works to digest the food.
- Shleshak Kapha is present in all joints of the body and controls the lubrication of joints.
- Bodhak Kapha is found in the sensory organ of taste and governs the same.
- Tarpak Kapha is found in the head and controls intelligence.
- Avalambak Kapha is present in the chest and it lubricates the heart and throat.
Importance of Tridosha
As per Ayurveda, every problem of the body, whether physical or psychological, is caused because of an imbalance in the Tridosha. The solution for every problem lies in the Tridosha. With balance in the three Doshas, every problem of the body can be solved. This is why, all the treatments of Ayurveda aim at balancing the Tridosha.